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Diesel

10ppm Diesel is a middle distillate and is primarily used as a fuel in the road transport sector. Diesel engines do not use high-voltage spark ignition, instead fuel ignition takes place as a result of compression of the inlet air mixture and then injection of fuel. Diesel can be blended with biofuels such as FAME content of up to 7 vol.% (B7).

Sulphur Free Diesel BS EN 590:2013 + A1: 2017

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Property Units   Limits Test method (notes)
MIN MAX
Density @15°C kg/m3 820.0 845.0 EN ISO 3675 (c) / EN ISO 12185
Cold Filter Plugging Point EN 116 / EN 16329
Winter °C (Note 2) - -15 IP 309
Summer °C (Note 2) - -5
Cloud Point BS EN 23015
Winter °C (Note 2) - -5
Summer °C (Note 2) - -3
Flash Point °C > 55 - EN ISO 2719
Cetane Number 51 - EN ISO 5165 (b) / EN 15195 / EN16144 / EN16715
Cetane Index 46 - EN ISO 4264
Viscosity at 40°C mm2/s 2.000 4.500 EN ISO 3104
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (d) % (m/m) - 8.0 EN 12916
Sulphur Content mg/kg - 10.0 EN ISO 20846 / 20884 / 13032
Copper Strip Corrosion (3hr @ 50°C) rating - Class 1 EN ISO 2160
Carbon Residue (g) :
(on 10% Distillation Residue) % (m/m) - 0.30 EN ISO 10370
Ash Content % (m/m) - 0.01 EN ISO 6245
Total Contamination mg/kg - 24 EN 12662 (h)
Water Content mg/kg - 0.020 EN ISO 12937
Manganese Content
until 2013-12-31 mg/l - 2.0 prEN 16576
from 2014 to 01-01 onwards
Distillation
% (V/V) Recovered at 250°C % (V/V) - < 65 EN ISO 3405
% (V/V) Recovered at 350°C % (V/V) 85 - EN ISO 3924
95% (V/V) Recovered at °C - 360
Oxidation Stability g/m3 20 25 EN 12205
Oxidation Stability h 20 25 EN 15751
Lubricity, Corrected Wear Scar Diameter
(WSD 1,4) at 60 °C μm - 460 EN ISO 12156-1
Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME) %Vol - 7.0 EN 14078
Filter blocking tendency _a - 2.52 IP 387, procedure B only

Notes

1. Latest test methods or technical equivalent used.
2. Unless otherwise advised the following seasonal dates apply: Summer: 16/03 - 15/10 (terminals),
    Summer: 16/03 - 15/11 (retail sites), Winter: 16/11 - 15/03
3. Fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) meeting EN 14214:2012+A2: 2019 
4. Procedure B only i.e. not by calculation from procedure A

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