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In the United Kingdom, Kerosene is defined by two grades of heating oil; BS 2869 Class C1 and BS 2869 Class C2. The latter is a heavier distillate, which is used as domestic heating oil.

Kerosene BS EN 2869:2010+A1:2011 Class C2

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Property Units   Limits Test method (notes)
Appearance - Clear, bright, free from solid matter and undissolved water Visual Check (Note 2)
Density @ 15°C kg/m3 750.0 840.0 BS EN ISO 3675 or BS EN ISO 12185
Gross Specific Energy (or Net Heat of Combustion) (A) MJ/kg 42.80 - BS 2000-12 / BS ISO 15911 / ASTM / D3338 / ASTM D4809
Smoke Point mm 19 - BS 2000-57
Flash Point °C 38.0 - BS EN ISO 13736
Char Value (or Burning Test) mg/kg 20.0 - BS 2000-10
Kinematic Viscosity at 40°C mm2/s 1.0 2.0 BS EN ISO 3104
Sulphur % (m/m) - 0.10 BS EN ISO 20846 / BS EN ISO 8754
Copper Corrosion 2Hr @ 100°C 1.0 - BS EN ISO 2160
Distillation Recovery
% Vol Rec @ 200°C °C 15.0 - BS EN ISO 3405
% Vol Rec @ 210°C °C 90.0 - Note 2
% Vol Rec @ 240°C °C 50.0 - Note 2
Final Boiling Point °C 300 - BS EN ISO 3405


A) Specific energy by one of the calculation methods listed is acceptable. Where a measurement of specific energy is deemed necessary, the method to be used shall be agreed between purchaser and supplier.
B) UK origin kerosene must be marked, with an HMRC statutory markers. When marked, coumarin content should be 2.0 min - 3.0 max.
1) Latest test methods or technical equivalent to be used.
2) HMRC&E import requirement.

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